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Landscaping Get helpful tips on designing the perfect landscape for you and your family. Also, learn how to assess your landscaping needs, create a new landscape with little money, and get money saving landscaping tips and ideas.
Landscaping Design History  
The Greeks and the Romans were among the first who undertook landscape architecture on an extensive scale. Vitrifies wrote on many topics (e.g. the layout of towns) many of which still concern landscape architects today.

As with many other arts, it was not until during the Renaissance that garden design was revived, with some outstanding examples that include places such as the pleasure grounds at the Villa d'Este, Tivoli. The renaissance garden developed throughout the 16th and 17th centuries, reaching it's ultimate grandeur in the work of André le Nôtre whic can be seen at Vaux-le-Vicomte and Versailles.

Around the 18th Century, England became the focus of a new style of landscape design. Such figures as William Kent, Humphrey Repton, and most famously Lancelot Brown remodelled many of the great estate parks of the English aristocracy to resemble a neat and tidy ordered version of nature. Many of these parks still remain today.

18th century landscpaing
Landscape architecture
The term 'landscape architecture' was apparently first used by the Scotsman Gilbert Laing Meason - in the title of his book called The Landscape Architecture of the Great Painters of Italy (London, 1828). It's them centered on the type of architecture found in landscape paintings. The term 'landscape architecture' was then later taken up and used by JC Loudon and AJ Downing.

Through out the 19th century, urban planning became more and more important. The combination of modern planning with the tradition of landscape gardening gave Landscape Architecture its unique focus. During the second half of the century, Frederick Law Olmsted completed a series of parks which still continue today to have a huge influence on the practices of Landscape Architecture. Among these were places such as Central Park in New York, Prospect Park in Brooklyn, and also Boston's so called Emerald Necklace park system.

Landscape Architecture continues to develop as a design discipline and art, and has responded to many of the movements of art, design and architecture through the 20th century. Today, healthy levels of innovation continue to provide challenging design solutions for streetscapes, parks and gardens



Landscape Gardening

Assess Your Landscaping Needs


Landscape gardening has often been likened to the painting of a picture. Your art-work teacher has doubtless told you that a good picture should have a point of chief interest, and the rest of the points simply go to make more beautiful the central idea, or to form a fine setting for it. So in landscape gardening there must be in the gardener's mind a picture of what he desires the whole to be when he completes his work.

From this study we shall be able to work out a little theory of landscape gardening.
Landscape Lawn


Garden DesignLet us go to the lawn. A good extent of open lawn space is always beautiful. It is restful. It adds a feeling of space to even small grounds. So we might generalize and say that it is well to keep open lawn spaces. If one covers his lawn space with many trees, with little flower beds here and there, the general effect is choppy and fussy. It is a bit like an over-dressed person. One's grounds lose all individuality thus treated. A single tree or a small group is not a bad arrangement on the lawn. Do not centre the tree or trees. Let them drop a bit into the background. Make a pleasing side feature of them. In choosing trees one must keep in mind a number of things. You should not choose an overpowering tree; the tree should be one of good shape, with something interesting about its bark, leaves, flowers or fruit. While the poplar is a rapid grower, it sheds its leaves early and so is left standing, bare and ugly, before the fall is old. Mind you, there are places where a row or double row of Lombardy poplars is very effective. But I think you'll agree with me that one lone poplar is not. The catalpa is quite lovely by itself. Its leaves are broad, its flowers attractive, the seed pods which cling to the tree until away into the winter, add a bit of picture squeezes. The bright berries of the ash, the brilliant foliage of the sugar maple, the blossoms of the tulip tree, the bark of the white birch, and the leaves of the copper beech all these are beauty points to consider.


Landscape Tree


Landscape TreePlace makes a difference in the selection of a tree. Suppose the lower portion of the grounds is a bit low and moist, then the spot is ideal for a willow. Don't group trees together which look awkward. A long-looking poplar does not go with a nice rather rounded little tulip tree. A juniper, so neat and prim, would look silly beside a spreading chestnut. One must keep proportion and suitability in mind.

As trees are chosen because of certain good points, so shrubs should be. In a clump I should wish some which bloomed early, some which bloomed late, some for the beauty of their fall foliage, some for the colour of their bark and others for the fruit. Some spireas and the forsythia bloom early. The red bark of the dogwood makes a bit of colour all winter, and the red berries of the barberry cling to the shrub well into the winter.


Landscape Shrubs


Landscape Shrubs Certain shrubs are good to use for hedge purposes. A hedge is rather prettier usually than a fence. The Californian privet is excellent for this purpose. Osage orange, Japan barberry, buckthorn, Japan quince, and Van Houtte's spirea are other shrubs which make good hedges.

I forgot to say that in tree and shrub selection it is usually better to choose those of the locality one lives in. Unusual and foreign plants do less well, and often harmonize but poorly with their new setting.

Landscape gardening may follow along very formal lines or along informal lines. The first would have straight paths, straight rows in stiff beds, everything, as the name tells, perfectly formal. The other method is, of course, the exact opposite. There are danger points in each.

Garden paths may be of gravel, of dirt, or of grass. One sees grass paths in some very lovely gardens. I doubt, however, if they would serve as well in your small gardens. Your garden areas are so limited that they should be re-spaded each season, and the grass paths are a great bother in this work. Of course, a gravel path makes a fine appearance, but again you may not have gravel at your command. It is possible for any of you to dig out the path for two feet. Then put in six inches of stone or clinker. Over this, pack in the dirt, rounding it slightly toward the centre of the path. There should never be depressions through the central part of paths, since these form convenient places for water to stand. The under layer of stone makes a natural drainage system.


Landscaping Flowers


Landscaping FLowers

Flowers may well go along the side of the building, or bordering a walk. In general, though, keep the front lawn space open and unbroken by beds. What lovelier in early spring than a bed of daffodils close to the house? Hyacinths and tulips, too, form a blaze of glory. These are little or no bother, and start the spring aright. One may make of some bulbs an exception to the rule of unbroken front lawn. Snowdrops and crocuses planted through the lawn are beautiful. They do not disturb the general effect, but just blend with the whole. One expert bulb gardener says to take a basketful of bulbs in the fall, walk about your grounds, and just drop bulbs out here and there. Wherever the bulbs drop, plant them. Such small bulbs as those we plant in lawns should be in groups of four to six. Daffodils may be thus planted, too. You all remember the grape hyacinths that grow all through Katharine's side yard.

Landscape lessons


Finally, let us sum up our landscape lesson. The grounds are a setting for the house or buildings. Open, free lawn spaces, a tree or a proper group well placed, flowers which do not clutter up the front yard, groups of shrubbery these are points to be remembered. The paths should lead somewhere, and be either straight or well curved. If one starts with a formal garden, one should not mix the informal with it before the work is done.Some of the pics and text over here has been taken from (
Landscaping topics covered
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